Nam Ha National Protected Area - Rich repository of biodiversity, ethnic diversity and knowledge
|Year of Declaration:||2003|
|Area and Location:||
222,400 hectares; Luang Namtha Province, Lao PDR.
Home to more than 20 ethnic groups; 4th largest national protected area in the country; extremely important watershed; harbors high population of birds and mammals; ranks 3rd for birds and 5th for large mammals out of 20 protected areas in the country; ranks 3rd in the national management priority index based on biodiversity and watershed values, ecotourism potential, and level of pressure on the site.
Evergreen gallery forests, semi-evergreen forests, subtropical Castanopsis forest, sub-montane forests on the higher peaks; mosaic of grasslands; limestone forests on the karst portions; caves; freshwater streams, secondary scrub and village lands.
Aquilaria trees; cardamom; Jewel orchid; Cinnamomum sp.; bamboos and rattans; dipterocap trees; Castanopsis stands.
Clouded leopard; Leopard; tiger; gaur; muntjac, Asian elephants; black-cheeked gibbon; northern pigtail and rhesus macaques; great flocks of butterflies including the amazing leaf butterfly (Kallima sp.),Papilio and Graphium species, Indian purple emperor (Mimathyma ambica); silver pheasant (Lophurany cthemera); Blythe’s kingfisher; spectacular great hornbill (Buceros bicornis);and green peacock (Pavo muticus).
|Ecotourism Destination and Activities:||
Spectacular views, caves and waterfalls and other natural and cultural landscapes; minority groups have their own distinct culture and colorful costumes, and they live relatively traditional lifestyles and have a strong tradition in herbal medicine; other activities include trekking, hiking, kayaking, rafting mountain biking and boat tours through villages of Luang Namtha, Muang Sing, Vieng Phoukha and Long; homestays in local villages.
|Biological Richness:||• 2,000 species of plants
• 37 species of large mammals
• 288 species of birds