National Target (NT) 10 was prepared following the Aichi Target (AT) 10 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs related to reducing pressure on vulnerable ecosystems, which have been adapted to national conditions and needs.
Climate change is a major challenge in the implementation of the IBSAP 2015-2020 which is amended from the IBSAP 2003-2020. Biodiversity of coral reefs ecosystems built from ecological processes for hundreds or even thousands of years contains the highest diversity out of a few major ecosystems in Indonesia. Climate change impacts on the coral reef’s damages, particularly by triggering coral bleaching. Therefore, strategies are needed to ensure climate adaptation and mitigation at all levels.
Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, the implementation of NT 10 supports the IBSAP Action Plan 3, 'Maintenance and preservation of biodiversity ', through several Activity Groups (KK) including:
§ More reviews on climate change mitigation and adaptation (KK-1);
§ Improvement of activities dealing with climate change adaptation and mitigation at national and local levels (KK-2)