Mt. Timpoong-Hibok-Hibok Natural Monument -

Year of Declaration:  2015
Area (hectares): 3,739.14
Area and Location:

MTHNM is located in  Camiguin Island Province in Mindanao, Philippines.



MTHNM is a key biodiversity area which was proclaimed a natural monument - a relatively small area focused on protection of small features to protect or preserve nationally significant natural features with special interest or unique characteristics.


Habitat Types:

It has five major natural habitats: grassland/brushland, upland wetland/freshwater, mossy forest, dipterocarp forest and crater lake


Unique Flora:

Diverse species of endemic trees are found in the declared protected area including medicinal trees like the Kalingag (Cinnamomum mercadoi) and Duguan (Myristica philippinensis). Open lands are dominated by Imperata grasses, Saccharum species,, fruit trees and other species of grasses; Molave species dominates the Molave type of habitat; Bagtikan (Parashorea maalanonan) and Nato (Palaqium luzoniense) dominate the dipterocarps type and mossy forest dominated by Bitanghol (Callophyllum blancoi) and Sagimsim (Syzygium brevistylum) from this type also the medicinal trees Kalingag (Cinnamomum mercadoi ) and Duguan (Myristica philippinensis) be found.


Unique Fauna:

Endemic species such as Camiguin forest mouse (Apomys camiguinesis)and the Camiguin forest rat (Bullimus gamay); and Camiguin hanging parrot reside in the area. Other enemic species include the Camiguin narrow-mouthed frog and the Camiguin hawk owl.
Other faunal priorities include the Braminey kite,  Civet cat, Large Flying Fox, Ota's Wolf Snake,Philippine Macaque, Philippine wartly pig and Yellow bulbul.


Ecotourism Destination and Activities:

The area has a numerous potential areas for ecotourism, public viewing and trekking especially the multiple-use zone (e.g. Mt. Hibok-Hibok volcano with its Aron Crater Lake, Binangawan falls in Bonbon Sagay and Tuasan Falls in Mainit, Catarman).
Culutral tradition and agroforestry activities are practices in selected sites of the area. 


Biological Richness: • 81 species of butterflies of which eighteen (18) are endemic species