Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park

Year of Declaration:  2018
Area (hectares): 43,750
Area and Location:

Located between Maros and Pangkep regency, South Sulawesi



Known as the second-largest karst area in the world, Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park. Other than being home to the famous Rammang-Rammang karst area, it also boasts dozens of prehistoric caves, unique animals such as Sulawesi moor macaque, red-knobbed hornbill, cuscus and Sulawesi palm civet, as well as endemic butterfly species such as Papilio blumei, Papilio polytes, Papilio sataspes and Graphium androcles. 


Habitat Types:

Lowland ecosystem, karst ecosystem and low-mountainous ecosystem  


Unique Flora:

It is the  habitat of Celebes endemic species, Dyospiros celebica or it is well-known as Ebony. Other protected species are Livistona chinensis, Livistona sp., Ascocentrum miniatum, and Phalaenopsis
amboinensiswhich are known as palm and orchids.


Unique Fauna:

Mammals consist of Celebes Black Monkey (Macaca maura), Celebes civet
(Macrogalidia musschenbroeckii), Celebes Cuscus (Strigocuscus celebencis),
Celebes Bear Cuscus (Ailurops ursinus), Dear (Cervus timorensis) and Tarsius
(Tarsius fuscus). High biodiversity
abundance and high population of butterflies including 200 Papilionoidea;  Birds consist of Julang Sulawesi (Aceros cassidix), Forest-Cekakak Green-tunggir
(Actenoides monachus), Celebes Red Shrimp (Ceyx fallax), Kangkareng Sulawesi
(Penelopides exarhatus), Celebes snake-Eagle (Spilornis rufipectu) and Perkici
dora (Trichoglossus ornatus). Amphibians consist of Celebes Frog (Bufo celebensis) and (Rana celebensis).
Reptilian consist of two-headed snake (Cylindrophis melanotus), Celebes groundgecko
(Cyrtodactylus jellesmae), Soa-soa (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), and Flying
lizard (Draco walkeri).


Ecotourism Destination and Activities:

It has approximately 41 prehistoric caves including Leang-leang prehistoric park which has a unique archaeological value because the paintings of hand palms and animals prey drawn in the cave’s walls and prehistoric food waste fossils. There are 7 priority ecotourism attraction sites in BBNP: Bantimuring Waterfalls Complex, Pattunuang Asue area, Wildlife watching and tracking area of Karaenta, Vertical cave of Leang Pute, Leang – leang prehistoric cave, Bulusaraung Mountain area and Leang Londrong natural water pool area. 


Biological Richness: • Approximately 683 species with 14 families from monocotyledon class
• 86 families from dicotyledonous class
• At least 643 species of wildlife fauna which consist of 33 mammals,
• 128 birds
• 29 reptilian
• 14 amphibians
• 274 insects
• 23 Pisces
• 41 Gastropod
• 6 oligochaeta
• 95 arthropods
• 43 important species which are protected by law