Nature-based solutions (NbS) and investments in the restoration and effective conservation of natural capital are key for securing future sustainable development opportunities. Globally, much historical economic growth was related to an overexploitation of natural resources. External costs resulting from the unintended impacts – the loss of biodiversity and vital ecosystem services or climate change – put the sustainable development agendas of many countries at risk. Thus, NbS implementation and restoring degraded ecosystems at scale is a very important risk mitigation strategy, with significant potential for synergies among the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Rio conventions and many related fora therefore widely acknowledge and promote NbS as a key strategy to simultaneously achieve or at least meaningfully contribute to different environment and development goals.
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