Gunung Leuser National Park - Core of Sumatra's Tropical Rainforest Heritage
|Year of Declaration:||1984|
|Area and Location:||
North Sumatra and Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (Southeast Aceh, South Aceh, Aceh Singkil) and Regency of Langkat, Indonesia.
The Park consists of steep, almost inaccessible mountainous terrain; part of the 2.5 million hectare Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra, which is a World Heritage Site; encompasses smaller nature reserves and Alas River runs through the Park into an eastern and western half; last place where orangutans, tigers , elephants, rhinoceros and leopards live together.
Lowland evergreen dipterocarp forest; lower and upper montane forest; peat swamp; forest over limestone, sub-alpine meadows and heathlands; freshwater lakes and rivers; and sulphur mineral pools.
World’s tallest flower: Amorphophallus titanium (when flowering), A. gigas (non-flowering phase); the world’s largest flower: Rafflesia (rafflesia arnoldi); Daunpayung raksasa (Johannesteijsmannia altifrons); Rhizanthes zippelnii.
Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis); Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris); Asian elephant (Elephas maximus); white breasted Thomas leaf monkey (Presbytis thomasi); siamang(Symphalangus syndactylus), Sumatran ground cuckoo (Carpacoccyx viridis); and white bellied sea eagle (Haliaetusleo cogaster).
|Ecotourism Destination and Activities:||
Different ethnic groups using natural resources such as wood, dammar, rattan and fish for income; wildlife ecotourism activities like wildlife viewing, jungle trekking, river rafting, caving and horseback riding; mountain climbing and trekking; other activities like kayaking, and canoeing.
|Biological Richness:||• 4,000 species of flora
• 129 species of mammals
• 10,000 species of plants
• 380 species of birds
• 103 species of reptiles
• 35 species of amphibians