Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, the second mission (out of three) of biodiversity management in Indonesia is to make biodiversity a source of prosperity and the sustainability of the life of Indonesian people. One way to achieve this mission is through policies on biodiversity usage development for daily activities and livelihood within the relevant society. One strategy related to such policy is to support a biodiversity industry that maintains its awareness of sustainability through the incentives/disincentives system in line with sustainable use of biodiversity. This strategy is carried out in parallel with the development of the biodiversity-based industry.
As part of the evaluation of the IBSAP 2003-2020, National Target 3 was determined from the arising need to develop an incentive and funding scheme to control anthropogenic impacts on biodiversity. Those who capable of applying rewards and/or punishments and market mechanisms (i.e. producers and consumers) will adjust their behaviour through mechanisms of incentives and disincentives to environmental impacts. In efforts to control climate change, for example, the development of such instruments/policies is expected to manifest in a legal umbrella relating to the implementation and operationalization of incentive and funding schemes which may include guidance for funding mechanisms and provision of incentive schemes.