Besides addressing the pressures of species loss, focus on actively conserving and managing species and genetic diversity is essential. Key wildlife legislations include the Wildlife Conservation Act 2010, which was passed to repeal the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 in Peninsular Malaysia. The Wildlife Conservation Enactment 1997 (amended in 2002 and 2016) and the Wild Life Protection Ordinance 1998 (amended 2008) are applicable in Sabah and Sarawak respectively. To prevent illicit international wildlife trade, the International Trade in Endangered Species Act 2008 has been implemented in compliance towards the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) obligations. For aquatic species, Fisheries Regulation (Control of the Endangered Fish Species) 1999 of the Fisheries Act 1985 is the key legislation for protected marine species. Target 9 focuses on conserving threatened species through assessment of conservation status, enhance the protection of flora and fauna, and ex-situ conservation programmes to restore populations of threatened species.