Kerinchi Seblat National Park

Year of Declaration:  1984
Area (hectares): 1,380,000
Area and Location:

 Provinces of West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra, Indonesia.



One of the largest conservation areas in Southeast Asia; harbors the oldest tropical rainforest in Asia; the park protects the world’s largest flowers and hundreds of plants and animals not found anywhere else in the world.  It nestles several mountain lakes, notably the Danau Gunung Tujuh(Lake of the Seven Mountains); part of the 2.5 million hectare Tropical rainforest Heritage of Sumatra, which is a World Heritage Site; Mt. Kerinci  is the highest mountain in Sumatra and the second highest in Indonesia; and one of the most important habitats for tigers.


Habitat Types:

Seven forest types: lowland, hill, sub-montane, lower montane, mid-montane, upper montane and the sub-alpine; freshwater swamp; peat swamp.


Unique Flora:

World’s tallest flower: Amorphophallus titanium (when flowering), A. gigas  (non-flowering phase); the world’s largest flower: Rafflesia (Rafflesia arnoldi); Cendawan harimau; dipterocarps; rhododendrons;  epiphytes; orchids;  and mosses.  


Unique Fauna:

Sumatran elephant; Sumatran rhinoceros; wild mountain goat; golden cat; siamang; dark-handed gibbon; long-tailed and pig-tailed macaques; hornbills; Asian tapir; Malay sun bear; Asian wild dog; “orang pendek”, a primate.


Ecotourism Destination and Activities:

Climbing  to the summit of  Gunung Kerinci, where the view from the top is awesome, starting  from Kersik Tuo through tea and cinnamon plantations; guided trek between villages along ancient trading paths; longer and deep jungle treks through the rainforests; and bird watching. 


Biological Richness: • 4,000 species of flora
• 36 species of mammals
• 129 species of birds
• 8 species of primates
• 6 species of amphibians
• 10 species of reptiles