Kinabalu National Park - Sacred mountain of Sabah

Year of Declaration:  1984
Area (hectares): 75,030
Area and Location:

District of Kota Belud, Kota Marudu and Ranau, Sabah, Malaysia.



Experts believed  the Park contains the richest and most remarkable assemblage f plants in the world; one of the biggest attractions of Sabah State;  its highest peak is Mt. Kinabalu at 4,101 meters, which continuous to rise 5 mm per year as the world’s youngest granite pluton; its lowest elevation is Poring Hot Spring


Habitat Types:

Hill dipterocarp forest; sub-montane forest dominated by Lauraceae and Fagaceae; stunted upper montane heath rhododendron forests; bare granite massif.Sixunique major topographical features: peaks and plateaus; gullies, rivers, streams and waterfalls, hot springs and caves, and granite slabs at the slopes of the summit.


Unique Flora:

Famous slipper orchids (Paphiopedilum rothschildianum); buttercups; climbing madder (Rubiaceae); Rosaceous trees;  pitcher plants (Nepenthes burbidgeae, N. rajah and N. villosa); Ficus species; ginger species; Rafflesia pricei and R. keithii; ferns; Rhododendron species (R. ericoides, R. buxifolium, R. fallacinum; R. stenophyllum and R. abietifolium).


Unique Fauna:

Deer, bearded pig, gibbon, honey bear, orangutans, squirrels, black shrew, Kinabalu shrew, Kinabalu friendly warbler,mountain blackbird; mountain  blackeye; and chestnut-capped laughingthrush.


Ecotourism Destination and Activities:

The climate, scenery and floral and faunal splendors of the park; granite massif of Mt. Kinabalu for hikers, scramblers and rock climbers; peaks and rock climbing; for those who want a cultural experience,  folklore and local traditions of Hill Dusuns, the largest ethnic group in Sabah, noted for their basketry and other handicrafts and traditional farming; the sacred resting places of the spirits of their ancestors; Poring Hot Spring where visitors can bathe in natural hot springs, see the butterfly house, ethnic garden and mini zoo, see a large waterfall or experience the canopy walkway or the forest walk.


Biological Richness: • 5,000 – 6,000 species of plants
• 90 species of lowland mammals
• 22 species of montane mammals
• 326 species of birds
• 9 families of fish
• 200 species of butterflies