Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

Year of Declaration:  2003
Area (hectares): 130
Area and Location:

Located on the northwest sector of Singapore, close to the Kranji Reservoir.  



Singapore’s first and only protected wetland reserve and home to over 500 species of tropical flora and fauna. These are the most extensive mangroves remaining in Singapore.


Habitat Types:

Mangrove forest is the main wetland type.  There are also mudflats in the intertidal areas, a network of brackish water ponds, freshwater ponds, areas of grasslandand patches of secondary forest.


Unique Flora:

Sea hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus), Tui (Dolichandrone spathacea), sea teak (Podocarpus polystachyus), cattail or bulrush (Typha angustifolia); water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes); and water banana (Ludwigia adscendens);  orchid, Cymbidium bicolor;  climber,  Hoya verticillata; bird’s nest fern (Asplenium nidus); mangrove species; and buah cheri (Muntingia calabura).


Unique Fauna:

The smooth coated  otter; crab-eating macaque; water monitor;  estuarine crocodile. At night, the palm civet; large-tailed nightjar; collared scops owl;  lesser dog-faced fruit bat; dog-faced water snake; and fireflies. 


Ecotourism Destination and Activities:

The park features guided walks, educational tours for children, bird watching activities, and talks on marine fish.  A Wireless Learning Trail on the mangrove boardwalk is another key feature in the wetland reserve.


Biological Richness: • 223 species of birds
• 100 species of fish
• 35 species of dragonflies