Agricultural biodiversity is a vital component of food security and sustainable agriculture. Malaysia is rich in agricultural biodiversity and in tree species along with their genetic resources. However, environmental degradation and land-use change may have caused irreversible impacts on species genetic diversity. Malaysia has adopted the Global Plan of Action (GPA) for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) at the International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources in 1996. Monitoring and periodical assessment on the implementation of GPA and its related activities are fundamental to conserve and sustainable utilization of PGRFA in the future. As a result, the National Strategies and Action Plans on Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation (NSAP-ABCSU) was launched in 2012 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry (MOA) as a framework to protect the genetic diversity of cultivated plants; and farmed and domesticated animals as well as its wild relatives. The NSAP-ABSCU also include the arthropod and microbial genetic resources, as important players which contribute to food and agriculture sectors. Target 13 is formulated to drive the implementation of the NSAP-ABCSU. The NSAP-ABCSU aims to create awareness among policymakers and the public, increase capacity building, enhance research and development on conservation and utilization, improve in-situ and ex-situ conservation and strengthen policy and regulations on the conservation of agricultural biodiversity.