At present, about 45% of the Philippine population lives in cities. By 2050, the number is expected to increase to about 65%. The PBSAP 2015-2028 acknowledges the importance of ensuring livability in cities by identifying urban biodiversity as a new thematic focus. It recognizes the value of green spaces and the use of the City Biodiversity Index to measure biodiversity in cities. Green area accessibility has been linked to improved physical and mental health and reduced mortality. It also provides opportunities for recreation, relaxation, and community cohesion.
Urban biodiversity is a new concept in the Philippines, but some pockets of green space and landscapes have already been established and more are being established. Through synergism between and among different sectors, these urban green spaces can be improved so that urban residents can benefit from their ecosystem services and ultimately, enhance human well-being.
 De Vera, Ben 2017. World Bank: Filipinos living in urban areas to double to 102M by 2050. Philippiner Daily Inquirer, May 29, 2017. Accessed fromhttps://newsinfo.inquirer.net/900745/world-bank-filipinos-living-in-urban-areas-to-double-to-102m-by-2050#ixzz5ZBLgxwpN