Kepulauan Seribu National Park

Year of Declaration:  2017
Area (hectares): 107,489
Area and Location:

Located on the District Kepulauan Seribu, specifically on Kepulauan Seribu Utara Sub District, approximately 45 km from Jakarta



KSNP is a park composed of 78 islands with unique vegetation. Endangered animals like the hawksbill sea turtle and the green sea turtle nest in the islands, while the park also runs a rehabilitation programme which aims to reverse the decline of the three species of eagles found in the islands. 


Habitat Types:

The national park is a combination of terrestrial and shallow marine ecosystems (corral reef, mangrove and seagrass), with 78 small islands.


Unique Flora:

Rich in mangrove and seagrass species. 


Unique Fauna:

The park is a breeding ground for green and hawksbill sea turtles.  Southern giant clams from the family Cardiidae and other giant clams thrive in the area. 
Home to Black Coral (Antiphates sp) Helioporidae sp, Scleractinia sp, and Tubiporidae
sp which are considered protected marine biotas listed in CITES Appendix II such as 


Ecotourism Destination and Activities:

Marine tourism activities are allowed such as diving, snorkelling. 


Biological Richness:

• 68 genus and sub-genus with 134 species of coral reef
• 295 species of gastropods
• 97 species of bivalves, and also some species of cephalopods
• 2 marine trutle species
• 3 species of eagles
• 15 magrove species
•  7 seagrass
• 18 seaweed species