Taman Negara Pahang National Park - Malaysia's first and oldest protected area

Year of Declaration:  1984
Area (hectares): 4,343
Area and Location:

States of Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu, Malaysia.



One of the world’s oldest rainforests; boasts the most extensive protected area of pristine lowland, evergreen rainforest in the country; the highest point in the Park is Gunung Tahan at 2,187 meters above sea level;  most important center of endemicity in Malay Peninsula.


Habitat Types:

Generally hilly and mountainous;  lowland dipterocarp forests dominate the Park; limestone hills; limestone caves;  montane  and ericaceous forests of the higher elevation; riparian forests; lower montane forests; and heath forests.


Unique Flora:

Wild durian (Durio sp); Pucukpaku (Athyrium esculentum), the edible fern; bird’s nest fern (Asplenium nidus); staghorn fern (Platycerium coronarium); Aquilaria sp; rattans and bamboos. The Park is rich in woody tree species like the dipterocarps and the tall, buttressed tualang (Koompassia excelsa),known as the tallest tree in Southeast Asia. 


Unique Fauna:

Seladang (Bos gaurus); elephant (Elephus maximus); Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus); Leopard (Panthera pardus);  tiger (Panthera tigris); sun bear (Helarctos malayanus); white-handed gibbon (Hylobates lar); langur (Presbytis sp.); great argus pheasant (Argusianus argus); Probarbus gulieni and Rasbora dusonensis are rare species.


Ecotourism Destination and Activities:

River cruises and laid out jungle trekking activities; the world’s longest canopy walk; bird watching; other activities include canoeing, fishing, camping and swimming; or visit the Orang Asli settlement and observe their traditional hunter-gatherer life.


Biological Richness: • 8,000 species of flowering plants
• 185,000 species of fauna
• 250 species of resident birds
• 58 species of reptiles
• 56 species of amphibians
• 109 species of fish