National Target (NT) 11 is a manifestation of the Government of Indonesia’s commitment to support the vision of 'Realizing a beautiful and sustainable Indonesia' - the sixth out of eight visions in the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJPN) for 2005-2025 (KemenPPN/ BAPPENAS, 2016, p.2).
This vision was strengthened in the third phase of the RPJPN through the technocratic draft of the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) for 2015-2019 which emphasizes the preservation of natural resources and the environment and disaster management as one of the sub agendas to realize economic independence (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.6).
National target 11 was prepared following the Aichi Target (AT) 11 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs that have been adapted to national conditions and needs regarding the area of protection and conservation.
Based on the 2015-2020 IBSAP, the implementation of NT 11 supports IBSAP Action Plan 3. 'Maintenance and preservation of biodiversity' through several Activity Groups (KK) with the following themes:
§ Expansion of marine protected area into 20 million ha.
§ Recovery of land conservation areas.
§ Sustainable management of the protected forest.
§ Integrated management of watersheds.
§ Essential ecosystems management.
§ Expansion and sustainable management of lands for agriculture, plantations and animal husbandry.