It is now widely recognized that climate change and biodiversity are interconnected, particularly through
changes in species to habitat and species to species interactions, reduced synchronicity between predators and availability of prey, migratory journeys and availability of food and other natural interactions that may be affected by changes in temperature, water and food availability and other climate driven factors. The functional
biodiversity responsible for climate change resilience and sustainability needs to be identified
and used for climate change mitigation and adaptation (Sajise, 2015).
Climate change is relevant to Target 10 (minimize the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification), Target 14 (restore and safeguard the ecosystems that provide essential services), and Target 15 (enhance ecosystems resilience and the contribuyion of biodiversity to carbon stocks).