Ecosystem conservation and restoration in degraded areas need to be carried out under the consideration that:
· Conservation and restoration of degraded areas are efforts to increase the effectiveness of conservation and management of biodiversity in order to sustain the balance between ecosystems, biodiversity and natural resources as a life-system to support sustainable development. (DJKSDAE-KLHK, 2015).
Activities related to utilization of marine and fisheries resources, whether it is located inland, coastal or oceanic area, may impose ecosystem damage, sedimentation and pollution. Such damage to marine and fisheries resources, if not revived or restored, will significantly reduce the stream of benefits gained from environmental services. Therefore, various efforts are required to perform ecosystem restoration and pollution control as well as marine and fisheries resources revitalization (KemenKP, 2017).