Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve
|Year of Declaration:||2013|
|Area and Location:||
Lies within the municipalities of Los banos, Bay and Calamba in the province of Laguna and Sto. Tomas town in the rprovince of Batangas, located about 65 km. from Metro Manila; spans a total of 4244 hectares (makiling.center)
Recognized by FAO as an "exemplary Forest Management in Asia", Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve embodies a variety of ecosystems and species. It has a rich biological diversity with many endemic, indigenous and introduced exotic species.
It has dipterocarp and Leguminosae to mossy forests.
Mt. Makiling contains diverse flora from a large number of endemic species as well as introduced species from other parts of the world. Species such as Rafflesia manillana, Medinilla magnifica and Nepethes alata are found in the area
Among the rare species found in the area are the Philippine Eagle-Owl (Bubo philippinensis) and the Philippine pgymy fruit bat (Haplonycteris fisceri) which are both endemic in the country and are highly restricted to the original rainforest habitats. In addtion, Calotes mamoratus or Philippine calotes and amphibian, Phuilautus surdus were also recorded, considered in IUCN Red List as threatened species.
|Ecotourism Destination and Activities:||
It serves as a training laboratory for instruction, research and extension. Through the Rep. Act 3523, the Makiling Botanic Gardens supports the professional instruction and research related to forestry and plant sciences and to serve the educational, recreational and tourism needs of the general public. The reserve where hot springs, builing mud and unique landscapeds are sighted is also a recreational area to the general public being close to Metro Manila. Frequently visited sites are Makiling Botanic Gardens, Flatrpcks, mudspring, rainforest and the summit.
|Biological Richness:||Among its flora, the forest reserve is home to about 940 genera, 2038 species, 19 sub-species, 167 varieties and several forms and cultivars representing 225 families of flowering plants and ferns|