Hoang Lien Sa Pa National Park - Site of Fansipan, Viet Nam's highest point

Year of Declaration:  2003
Area (hectares): 28,476
Area and Location:

Located in the mountainous province of Lao Cai. 



The Park contains Viet Nam’s highest mountain, Phan Xi Pang or Fansipan,  which has an elevation of 3,142 meters above sea level. The lowest point is 380meters but most of the nature reserve lies above 1,000 meters. 


Habitat Types:

Forest types include submontane dry evergreen forest; tropical montane deciduous forest; and sub-alpine forest;  agricultural land, scrub land and savannah.


Unique Flora:

Rare plant species include the globally-threatened Fujian cypress (Fokienia hodginsii) and the
Bac Xanh (green cypress).  Other prevalent trees include the endemic Van Sam Hoang Lien pine, Thich Xi Pan, and Thich Sa Pa, and endemic conifers, Amentotaxus yunnanensis, Calocedrus macrolepus, Cupressus duclouxiana, and Taiwania cryptomeriodes.


Unique Fauna:

Soc trau (squirrel), doi tai so (bat),and vuon den tuyen tay bac (gibbon).  The park also harbors Himalayan species not found elsewhere in Viet Nam, such as the slender-billed scimitar babbler, sapphire flycatcher, Gould’s shortwing, yellow-billed blue magpie, crested finchbill and white-collared yuhina.


Ecotourism Destination and Activities:

Visitors can climb to the summit of Fansipan Mountain, pass through Ham Rong Orchid Garden, visit Sa Pa town and other natural attractions such as  theThac Bac Waterfalls, Thuy CongGrotto, Gio Cave, Troi Gate and Truc Forest.


Biological Richness: •• 2,850 species of plants, of which 400 species have medicinal value
• 350 species of birds